Федеральные арбитражные суды
The jurisdiction of the arbitration courts in Russia extends to the disputes between national and foreign legal entities as well as individual businessmen in the sphere of entrepreneurial and other economic activity. Such cases are examined by arbitration courts through all procedural stages from filing claims with courts to resolving issues related to the enforcement of judicial decisions including appeals against bailiffs' executive actions.
While hearing the above cases, the arbitration courts may forward to the competent authorities of foreign countries letters of request on performance of individual procedural acts including the service of judicial documents and obtaining evidence abroad. They should execute in their turn similar letters of request, which have been transmitted to them from judicial authorities of foreign states. The manner in which such requests should be made is defined by the appropriate international conventions or bilateral treaties on mutual legal assistance, concluded by the Soviet Union and the Russian Federation with foreign states.
In accordance with the international treaties of our state, the arbitration courts have the right, on the application of any interested party, to recognize as binding and to authorize on the territory of the Russian Federation the enforcement of foreign judicial decisions and arbitral awards in commercial cases or, when the decision does not comply with the terms of the appropriate international treaty, to refuse the application.
The Supreme Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation has established and maintains international relationship and cooperation with supreme courts and specialized courts of various foreign countries. Among them there are the Federal Supreme Court, the Federal Patent Court, administrative and financial courts of Germany; the State Council, the Court of Cassation and the Commercial tribunal of the city Paris in France, commercial courts of High Royal Courts in Great Britain; supreme courts and specialized courts in Finland, Denmark, Belgium, USA, Canada, China and other countries.
It has been developing active cooperation with many international organization and their judiciary bodies such as the Council of Europe and the European Court of Human Rights, the European Union and the Court of Justice of the European Communities, the Hague Conference on private international law, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the German Foundation for international legal cooperation and others.
Upon the presentation by the Supreme Arbitration Court, the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation passed the laws on the accession of the Russian Federation to the Hague conventions «On the Service Abroad of Judicial and Extrajudicial Documents in Civil or Commercial Matters» of 15 November 1965 and «On the Taking of Evidence Abroad in Civil or Commercial Matters» of 18 march 1970 thus improving the conditions for mutual legal assistance between the courts of Russia and of foreign states.
Close ties, mutual assistance and exchange of legal information are developing between Russian arbitration courts and the arbitration courts, economic courts and other courts dealing with economic disputes in the CIS countries as well as between the Supreme Arbitration Court of Russia and the Economic Court of the CIS.
At the initiative of the Supreme Arbitration Court, a Council of chairmen of the superior courts dealing with economic disputes in the area of entrepreneurial and other economic activities has been formed on the basis of the agreement concluded by the presidents of eight CIS states. The Council started working in 2004 with the purpose of improving legal cooperation in the field of regulation of economic relations.
The judges of the Supreme Arbitration Court and of regional arbitration courts of Russia participate in many international conferences, seminars and meetings with foreign experts on such matters as actual issues of economy and law, implementation of principles of rule of law in judicial activity, application of commercial law, tax legislation, bankruptcy procedures, reform of arbitration procedural legislation, legal protection of investors, shareholders, small entrepreneurs, intellectual property subjects etc. The active participation in the international legal forums and discussions promotes the improvement of their professional qualifications and skills raising the level of administration of justice.
The specialized official edition - «Vestnik of the Supreme Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation» - publishes international treaties and agreements on matters relating to the activities of arbitration courts, comments and explanations on their application as well as materials concerning protection of national and foreign participants in the international economic turnover.